About 90% of head and neck cancers are squamous cell carcinomas[i]that originate in mucosal lining[ii].Head and neck cancers refer to different types of invasive cancer cells, most common of which are:
A number of other cancers exist in the same area. Head and neck cancers, such as brain tumor and eye cancer do not classify to be part of the head and neck cancers.
Cancer treatment in Cuba follows the standard treatment for cancer by using surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy in combination with immunotherapy. The treatment program is dependent on the type of cancer as well as the stage it is in and finally patient’s overall health.
Glossectomy is a surgery of the tongue performed to remove all, half or parts of the tongue in order to treat malignant growth on the tongue.
Laryngectomy is a surgery for the removal of the larynx, commonly known as the voice box, and possibly the detachment of the airway from the mouth, nose and esophagus. Laryngectomy is used to control the spread of tumors or cancerous tissue.
Depending on the original cancer size and how much it has spread, neck dissection surgery can be one of the following:
Maxillary cancer is very rare being most common in Asia and Africa, especially Japan and South Africa. The preferred method of treatment is usually the trans maxillary approach since it is less intrusive, less destructive and also more cosmetically appealing. This approach gives a better surgical exposure allowing for tumor resection with minimal blood loss. Vascularized flaps provide and maintain blood supply in the area.
Trans maxillary approach offered in the maxillary program could be one of the following:
removal of tumors in the neck is an inpatient operation. Administration of local or general anesthesia is subject to the age of the patient as well as the location of the neck mass.
The location of Parotid glands as the largest and most important salivary glands is in front of each ear. A parotidectomy is a surgical procedure for the removal of the gland due to the development of tumors. About 80% of tumors are benign. Cuba performs the following parotidectomy procedures. Please note that preservation of the facial nerve determines the specific selected surgery.
Craniofacial resection refers to a group of operations involving the skull and the middle of the face. It is the standard treatment for the removal of tumors affecting the anterior skull base. This is done through an incision along the side of the nose to the forehead also from one ear to the other over the head. Alternatively through the skull giving better exposure to the tumours and a better chance of removing it with as little amount of damage to the brain, nerves and other major systems in and around the area. Cuba offers the following options:
The location of the thyroid, a small gland made up of two connected lobes is in the front of the neck below the larynx. Furthermore it is most of all responsible for controlling body functions such as body temperature, metabolism, heart rate and also blood pressure. Thyroid cancer develops since some cells change and become cancerous. In general, thyroid cancer is slow in developing therefore least deadly of the head and neck cancers and as a result the most curable of all cancers. Cuba offers the following procedures :
[i] : Squamous cell are found in the tissue that forms the thin layer of the skin as well as the lining of the digestive and respiratory tracts.
[ii] : The layer of moist tissue.
PLEASE NOTE THE FOLLOWING IMPORTANT INFORMATION:
Private room with the following features: