This Center is the national founder and leader of neurosciences. In the 60s, began the training of the first specialists in Neurology and Neurosurgery.
At the initiative of Professor Rafael Estrada Gonzalez, various specialties were developed at the institute covering several fields of neuroscience, to support clinical and surgical disciplines.
The Institute is a national reference center for the diverse fields of neuroscience and for the attention of neurological diseases that require a highly specialized (tertiary) care.
The institute provides services for Cerebrovascular Diseases, Neuromuscular Disease, Epilepsy, Neurosurgery, Neurocognition, Neuropharmacology, Clinical Neurophysiology, Neuro-Ophthalmology, Neurogenetics, Neuroimaging, Neuroimmunology, Neuropathology, Neuropediatrics, Neuropsychology, Neuropsychiatry, Neurochemistry, Nutrition, Rehabilitation, Intensive neurological care, and movement disorders.
As a result of the intense teaching work and for many years the INN has become the main source of specialists in the branches of neuroscience.
These specialists went on to either create and strengthen a service infrastructure in different regions of the country or join, newly created, highly specialized centers, like Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital, the International Center for Neurological Restoration and the Center for Research and Rehabilitation of Hereditary Ataxias (CIRAH), among other prestigious institutions.
In a way, the INN has become, with the passing of history, a true Academy for Neurosciences in Cuba.